This study describes nonstandard syntactic and morphological forms used by 45 poor, urban, 4- to 5.5-year-old African American boys and girls. Distributional analyses revealed three subgroups distinguished by the percentage frequencies of occurrence of utterances containing specific forms, and by the predominant types used by each group. Implications for characterizing the linguistic productions of young African American children are discussed.
KEY WORDS: preschoolers, African American English, cultural dialects, normal language
Submitted on June 11, 1993
Accepted on January 12, 1994
This article has been cited by other articles:
K. Apel and S. Thomas-Tate
Morphological Awareness Skills of Fourth-Grade African American Students
Lang Speech Hear Serv Sch, July 1, 2009; 40(3): 312 - 324.
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]